Proceeding from these bases, in the world it is possible to allocate 6 regional kinds of separatism which developed on four continents (in Australia today separatist movements it is not recorded yet).
Historical reasons. They are connected with last offenses which are stored in memory of ethnos at the subconscious level. In itself they are not immediate causes of the conflict but if the conflict becomes ripe also graphically close conflicts. This similarity is defined by the following criteria:
One of the important directions is also improvement of a social and economic situation in the countries and regions which are the main sources of the ethnoconflicts. Funds have to be allocated for it by the developed countries because they in not smaller degree are interested in safety about the borders and not only.
Mutual territorial claims of ethnoses. They can be caused historical past of ethnoses, an illegibility or lack of the existing borders, carrying out new demarcation between ethnoses, return to the historical homeland of earlier deported ethnos, any change of borders, violent inclusion of the territory of ethnos in the neighboring state, an ethnos partition between the different states.
Besides, in Africa the organization of separatist movements affecting their activity is noted smaller, than in Asia. This fact is explained by that the majority of the African ethnoses still is at a breeding stage of development. Here the intertribal hostility interfering creation of large ethnic groups which could make separatist demands is usual.
The West European kind of separatism (Northern Ireland, the Basque Country, Catalonia, Corsica, Flanders and Wallonia, the Faroe Islands, Northern Cyprus) is characterized by prevalence of ethno-confessional and social and economic factors.